WHAT IS OVARIAN CANCER?
A malignant growth in the ovary that is likely to spread
to other body parts and threaten life.
One or both ovaries. Very fast growing cancer. Generally
spreads to the lungs and bone.
Females of all ages, but more common in early 30s and those with a positive family history.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
Frequently no symptoms occur until the tumor becomes
- Vague discomfort in the lower abdomen.
- Gastrointestinal upsets like nausea & a gassy feel.
- Irregular menstrual periods.
- Deep voice
- Excessive hair growth. (Due to absence of female hormones,
which are produced by the ovary)
- Unexplained weight loss.
- An enlarged, hard and sometimes tender mass in the lower abdomen.
- Painful sexual intercourse.
RISK INCREASES WITH
- Similar history in family especially mother, sister or aunts.
- Blood group A
- Early menopause
- Frequent exposure to pelvic radiation
HOW TO PREVENT
- Prevention in such cases is synonymous with EARLY DETECTION.
- Have yearly pelvic examinations, which offer the best
chance of early detection and cure.
- Observation of symptoms.
- History and physical examination by a gynec. Your doctor
will also need to do a per vaginal examination.
- Laboratory blood studies for tumor
markers (substances that are detected in blood only if you have cancer. Their
levels also tell about grade of cancer and response to drugs).
- Ultrasonography of the abdomen. Sonography done through vagina yields better
- X-ray or CT scan of the abdomen.
- Surgical diagnostic procedures, such as culdoscopy and laparoscopy.
Death from spread of cancer to other body parts.
25% to 50% of women with ovarian cancer survive at least
5 years after treatment.
Get proper explanation of surgery and postoperative care.
Your doctor may prescribed:
- Anticancer drugs.
- Pain relievers.
- Female hormones until menopause.
No restrictions after recovery from surgery.
Eat a normal, well-balanced diet that is high in protein
to promote repair of body tissues.
CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY, IF
- You have symptoms of an ovarian tumor.
- The following occurs after surgery
- Increased pain
- Redness or drainage from the surgical wound.
- Pain or swelling in the leg
- Signs of infection, such as fever, chills, headache or