WHAT IS ENDOMETRIOSIS?
A disorder in which tissue resembling the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium) appears at unusual locations in the lower abdomen. This tissue may be found: on the surface of the ovary; behind the uterus, low in the pelvic cavity such as the appendix; on the intestinal wall; and rarely, at other far away sites like lungs.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
The following symptoms may begin abruptly or develop over many years:
Unknown, but the following theory is most accepted among doctors:
Normally during ovulation, the uterus lining thickens to
prepare for implantation of a fertilized egg. If this does not occur, the lining tissue
peels away from the uterus and is expelled in the menstrual flow. In some cases, this
material builds up and passes backward out of the fallopian tubes into the pelvic cavity.
RISK INCREASES WITH
HOW TO PREVENT
Avoid late marriage and late pregnancies. Pregnancy permanently cures some women with endometriosis.
Without treatment, endometriosis becomes increasingly severe. It subsides after menopause when estrogen production decreases.
Symptoms can be relieved with medication, and it is sometimes curable with surgery.
You may use non-prescription drugs, such as Paracetamol, to relieve minor pain.
WHAT TREATMENT OPTIONS ARE AVAILABLE?
Basically, there are just two methods, and neither works very well.
One treatment uses hormones to alter the signals the endometrium receives, essentially creating a state of false pregnancy. Endometriosis is treated with high doses of birth control pills, which change the body's hormone balance and stop the endometrial tissue from growing. Danazol an artificial hormone, may be used to halt menstruation and ovulation, and stop tissue growth.
If medications do not work, the endometrial tissue may be surgically eliminated using, laparoscopy. In developed countries they use lasers to burn away the excess endometrial growth. In severe cases, a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus and ovaries) may be necessary. But endometriosis is rarely eliminated for good. Symptoms can return even if the ovaries and uterusare completely excised. For most women, the symptoms of endometriosis disappear following menopause.
No special diet.
CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY, IF