WHAT IS GONORRHEA?
Gonorrhea is a highly infectious, sexually transmitted (venereal)
disease, affecting the reproductive organs. It sometimes occurs simultaneously with syphilis. You must give proper history to
your doctor, especially of any suspicious contacts and ensure that your confidentiality is
- Males - urethra (passage for urine from the
bladder to the outside).
- Females - urethra; reproductive system.
- Both sexes - rectum; throat; joints; eyes (rare).
Both sexes and all ages. Even young children of persons who have
sexual contact with infected persons. The peak incidence is between ages 20 and 30
coinciding with the age of promiscuity.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
Males usually have more pronounced symptoms whereas females often have
fewer or no symptoms..
- Burning urination.
- Thick green-yellow discharge from the penis or vagina.
- Little or no fever.
- Pain or tenderness with sexual intercourse
- Rectal discomfort and discharge (sometimes).
- Joint pain (rare).
GONORRHEA is caused by a bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoea, which
are usually transmitted sexually, but some cases are of unknown origin. Sexual
activity involving the rectum or mouth may transmit infection to those areas if either
partner is infected.
RISK INCREASES WITH
- Multiple sexual partners, whether heterosexual or homosexual.
- Child sexual abuse.
HOW TO PREVENT
- Typical symptoms.
- History and examination by a doctor.
- Laboratory culture and microscopic analysis of the discharge from the reproductive
organs, rectum or throat.
- Gonococcal eye infection. This is more common in newborns who get the infection from the
mother during birth. This may cause blindness.
- Infectious arthritis.
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
- Epididymitis (in males).
- Endocarditis (infection of the
Usually curable in 1 to 2 weeks with treatment.
- Wash hands frequently--especially after urination and bowel movements.
- Don't touch eyes with hands.
- Sexual contact(s), must seek treatment.
- Antibiotics will be prescribed to fight the infection, to be taken by both sexual
- BEWARE - Home remedies or folk medicine treatments are ineffective.
No restrictions, except don't resume sexual activity until your doctor
is sure that the infection is cured.
No special diet. Reduce consumption of caffeine and alcohol during
treatment. These irritate the urethra.
CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY, IF
- Suggestive symptoms of gonorrhea.
- You develop chills, fever, abdominal pain, genital sores or joint pain--either before or
- New, unexplained symptoms develop. Drugs used in treatment may produce side effects.