WHAT IS VAGINISMUS?
Spasm and tightening of the muscles around the opening to
the vagina, whenever intercourse or even vaginal examination is attempted, making entry/
Tightening of All pelvic muscles, thigh muscles and those
around the buttocks.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
- Involuntary contraction of the muscles around the
vagina and rectum. The vagina closes so tightly that the penis cannot penetrate for sexual
- Hysteria (sometimes)
- An unconscious desire to prevent penile penetration
because of emotional or psychological barriers. These may include poor sex education,
fear, anxiety, hostility, anger or distaste for sex.
- An insensitive sexual partner, insufficient or unskillful
foreplay or inadequate vaginal lubrication prior to attempted penetration.
- Physical disorders (rare), such as infections, allergic
reactions or a rigid, non-perforated hymen.
- During first sexual experience.
- Previous sexual trauma.
HOW TO PREVENT
Counseling prior to beginning sexual activity and an
assurance of normal organs.
- Psychological trauma caused by guilt, anxiety, loss of
self-esteem and feelings of inadequacy, or interpersonal problems resulting from the
- Painful intercourse for sexual partner.
Usually curable if the underlying cause can be cured or a
method to cope can be developed through medical treatment and psychological counseling.
Pregnancy and normal childbirth generally cure this condition.
- A patient is taught, how to dilate the vaginal opening
gently and gradually with rubber or glass dilators. Treatment at doctor's clinic will
probably be necessary 3 times a week, and one should practice at home at least twice a
- Prior to dilation exercises or attempted intercourse, sit
in a tub of hot water for 10 to 15 minutes. Baths often relax muscles and relieve
discomfort. Repeat baths as often as is helpful.
- Before attempting intercourse, both the partner should use
- Psychotherapy or counseling, if medical treatment is
Medicine is usually not necessary for vaginismus, but one
may be prescribed mild sedatives or tranquilizers for short periods of time.
No special diet.
CALL YOUR DOCTOR, IF
- You feel you have symptoms of vaginismus.
- Symptoms don't improve after 3 weeks, despite treatment
- Symptoms recur after treatment.
| Anorgasmia |
Vaginismus | Dyspareunia |