WHAT IS COLPOSCOPY?
Colposcopy is the examination of the cervix under
magnification. A colposcope is similar to a pair of binoculars with a light
HOW IS COLPOSCOPY DONE?
In order to do colposcopy, cervix is first cleaned and
the colposcope, which does not enter the vagina, is used to look at the cervix under
magnification. When the cervix is viewed through the colposcope, areas of cervical dysplasia, which look white and often have a dotted
appearance, are looked for.
It is important to see the entire transformation zone because
this is the area in which dysplasia develops. Tiny samples of tissue (cervical biopsies)
are taken from any abnormal areas for a pathologist to examine under the microscope. A
colposcopy examination usually takes about ten to twenty minutes to complete, although a
gynecologist who is very experienced at colposcopy usually only takes several minutes to
do colposcopy. In addition to looking at the cervix, it is important to also examine
the vagina and vulva through the colposcope.