Episiotomy is the simplest form of Assisted
EPISIOTOMY is an incision made in the vaginal
wall, during labor, to facilitate birth of the baby.
It is usually performed during childbirth, just before the largest portion of
the baby's head passes through. Episiotomy decreases likelihood of injury to the
baby's head and prevents damage to the mother's vagina, urinary bladder and
DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION
It is performed under Local anesthesia
- An incision is made in the perineum, just
before the widest part of the baby's head is to be delivered. The size of
the incision depends on how large an opening is required for the baby's head
to pass through safely. For this two fingers are placed in the vagina
between the baby's head and the vaginal wall.
- The baby and placenta are delivered.
- The surgical area is repaired with
Majority of cases heal completely, without
complications, in about 6 weeks. In some cases there may be
- Excessive bleeding
- Surgical-wound infection.
- Inadvertent injury to anal sphincter or
- Cleanse the surgical area with warm water
after passing urine or stools.
- Take hot Seitz baths several times a day as
long as you experience discomfort.
- Resume sexual relations when your doctor
declares that healing is complete. You should not be embarrassed in asking
your doctor about resumption of sexual activity.
BE ALERT FOR
- Increasing Pain, swelling, redness, bleeding
- Signs of infection: headache, muscle aches,
dizziness or a general ill feeling and fever.
- Nausea, vomiting, constipation or abdominal