WHAT IS TRICHOMONAL VAGINITIS?
A suffix of 'itis' means inflammation of the part to
which 'itis' is added. Here it means inflammation of the vagina, caused by a
parasite that lives in the lower genitourinary tract of males and females. This is
contagious and spreads through sexual contact.
Urethra and bladder in women; prostate gland and
urethra in men.
Both adolescents and adults.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
- Foul-smelling, frothy vaginal discharge that is most
noticeable several days after a menstrual period.
- Vaginal itching and pain.
- Redness of the vaginal lips (labia) and vagina.
- Painful urination, if urine touches inflamed tissue.
The severity of discomfort varies greatly in individual
women and from time to time in the same woman. Infected men may have no symptoms, but
still have to be treated.
Infection from a tiny parasite, Trichomonas vaginalis.
The parasite passes from person to person during sexual intercourse. It may live in its
host for years without producing symptoms. Then, perhaps from altered resistance, it will
suddenly multiply rapidly and cause distressing symptoms. Since it thrives in both the
male and female, both sexual partners must be treated simultaneously.
RISK INCREASES WITH
Unprotected intercourse with a partner of unknown status.
HOW TO PREVENT
Use condoms during such sexual intercourse.
- Observation of symptoms.
- History and clinical exam (including pelvic exam) by a
- Microscopic exam of the vaginal discharge or prostate
secretions (in men).
Secondary bacterial infections.
Usually curable with treatment.
- Wear cotton panties. Avoid panties made from nylon, silk
or other non-ventilating materials.
- If urinating causes burning:
- Urinate through a tubular device, such as a toilet-paper
roll or plastic cup with the end cut out.
- Urinate while bathing.
- Don't sit around in wet clothing.
- Don't wear tight garments, such as jeans.
- You may be prescribed an oral antibiotic specific for this
infection for you and your sexual partner, simultaneously. It has to be taken for a
minimum of 7 - 10 days. Follow directions carefully. DON'T DRINK ALCOHOL OR USE VINEGAR
WHEN YOU TAKE THE ANTIBIOTIC. They interact to cause a violent reaction with nausea,
vomiting, sweating, weakness and other symptoms. This course may be repeated after 6 weeks
for a complete cure.
- If you have side effects with oral drugs, you may be
prescribed some vaginal tablets that have to be inserted into the vagina at bedtime for 6
- If you have itching, you may also be prescribed a cream
for the same.
Avoid overexertion, heat and excessive sweating. Delay
sexual relations until you are well. Allow about 10 days for recovery.
No special diet.
CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR, IF
- You notice specific symptoms of trichomonal vaginitis.
- Symptoms persist longer than 1 week or worsen, despite
- Unusual vaginal bleeding or swelling develops.
- After treatment, symptoms recur.