WHAT IS MISCARRIAGE?
Miscarriage is the Premature termination of a pregnancy
before the fetus can survive outside the uterus.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
- Uterine cramps.
- slight to heavy vaginal bleeding.
Most miscarriages are only "threatened," and
the pregnancy continues to term. Symptoms may be the same for threatened miscarriages as
for those in progress.
During the first trimester (3 months):
- An abnormal or defective fetus.
- Uterine abnormalities that prevent the fertilized egg from
During the second trimester:
- Uterine abnormalities that cause detachment of the fetus
- Severe psychological stress.
- Use of drugs that harm the fetus.
- Infections, especially virus infections, such as German
measles or influenza.
WOMEN MORE AT RISK
- Poor nutrition.
- Illness that has lowered resistance.
- Recent serious infection.
- Medical history of endocrine diseases, such as diabetes
mellitus or hypothyroidism.
HOW TO PREVENT
- Obtain regular medical checkups.
- Eat a normal, well-balanced diet.
- Don't drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes or use recreational
- Don't use any medications, including non-prescription
drugs, without consulting your doctor.
- Suggestive symptoms.
- History and examination by a doctor.
- Uterine infection, signaled by fever, chills and aching.
- Hemorrhaging from other body parts.
abortion, in which some placenta or fetal tissue remains in the uterus, or missed
abortion, in which the fetus dies but remains in the uterus.
- For a threatened miscarriage, follow your doctor's orders.
Bed rest is often enough to stabilize the pregnancy.
- After a miscarriage:
- Expect a small amount of vaginal bleeding or spotting for
8 to 10 days.
- Wait through 2 or 3 normal menstrual cycles before
planning the next pregnancy.
- For a threatened miscarriage: Rest in bed until symptoms
disappear. Avoid sexual intercourse until the outcome is known.
- After a miscarriage: Reduce activity and rest often for 48
- For a threatened miscarriage: Drink fluids only, if
bleeding and cramping are severe.
- After a miscarriage: No special diet.
CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY, IF
- Vaginal bleeding occurs during pregnancy.
- Bleeding and cramps worsen during a threatened miscarriage
or you pass tissue.
- Fever and chills occur during a threatened miscarriage or
- Bleeding (other than vaginal) or unexplained bruising
occurs after a miscarriage.
- Infection develops while you are pregnant