Lice is an arthropod and very commonly and repeatedly infests hairy regions commonly head, pubic hair and rarely body hair
Head lice: intense itching on the scalp, especially behind the ears and the nape of the neck.
Pubic lice: continual itching around the pubic area and perhaps a rash.
Body lice: unexplained scratch marks on the body, hives, eczema, and red pimples on the shoulder or torso.
Lice is definitely not related to poor hygiene. In fact, head lice are thought to prefer clean hair to dirty hair.
To get rid of head lice, the most common treatment is to kill the adult lice with an insecticidal shampoo and to clear out the nits with a special fine-toothed comb. Whichever medicine your doctor gives you, for best results, follow the directions exactly. All family members should be treated; about 60% of infected children have relatives who carry lice.
Soaking in hot soapy water for 10 minutes can disinfect combs and brushes.
To treat body lice, wash the entire body with soap and water. If this is not effective, you may have to use an insecticidal preparation, which usually kills all lice. Wash all clothing and bedding in hot water and dry in sun light.
Preventing reinfestation is as important as initial treatment. This is especially true for head lice, which spread quickly from head to head. If you discover lice on your child, his classmates are likely to be infected. Talk with your children and their friends to be sure they understand the risks. You may be reluctant to talk about this subject with strangers, but head lice are a social ailment that can only be dealt with socially.
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