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Acne

WHAT IS ACNE?

Chronic inflammation of the facial skin.

INVOLVES

Face, especially the nose, and surrounding areas.

AFFECTS

Adults; it is more common in women, but more severe in men.

SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

  • Unsightly red, thickened skin on the nose and cheeks. Small blood vessels are visible on the skin surface.
  • Papules (small raised lesions) and pustules (small, white blisters with pus) on the affected skin (not so common).

CAUSES

Unknown. The condition is worsened by stress, warm drinks, hot foods and alcohol.

RISK INCREASES WITH

  • Nervousness and stress.
  • Fair complexion.
  • Excess alcohol consumption.

HOW TO PREVENT

No specific preventive measures.

EXPECTED HEALTH CARE

  • Mainly Self-care after diagnosis.
  • Doctor's treatment, if severe or persistent.
  • Psychotherapy or counseling, if disfigurement causes distress or stress precipitates.
  • Surgery to remove excess tissue (rarely).

DIAGNOSTIC MEASURES

  • Your own observation of symptoms.
  • History and examination by a doctor.

POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS

  • Psychological distress caused by an unsightly appearance.
  • Scarring of face (rare).

PROBABLE OUTCOME

  • Symptoms can be controlled with treatment. Acne rosacea is a disease of remissions and frequent flare-ups.

TREATMENT

GENERAL MEASURES

  • Seek care early if you notice evidence of acne rosacea.
  • Don't use oil-based makeup.

MEDICATION

  • Your doctor may prescribe oral or topical antibiotics.
  • Don't use cortisone preparations, including non-prescription preparations.

ANY SPECIAL DIET?

No special diet. Avoid spicy foods, alcohol or anything that causes the face to flush.

CALL YOUR DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY, IF

You develop new symptoms during treatment.

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